When a function is called, Octave searches a list of directories for
a file that contains the function declaration. This list of directories
is known as the load path. By default the load path contains
a list of directories distributed with Octave plus the current
working directory. To see your current load path call the
function without any input or output arguments.
It is possible to add or remove directories to or from the load path
rmpath. As an example, the following
code adds ‘~/Octave’ to the load path.
After this the directory ‘~/Octave’ will be searched for functions.
Add named directories to the function search path.
If option is
"-begin" or 0 (the default), prepend the directory
name(s) to the current path. If option is
"-end" or 1, append
the directory name(s) to the current path. Directories added to the path must
In addition to accepting individual directory arguments, lists of
directory names separated by
pathsep are also accepted. For example:
The newly added paths appear in the load path in the same order that they
appear in the arguments of
addpath. When extending the load path to
the front, the last path in the list of arguments is added first. When
extending the load path to the end, the first path in the list of arguments
is added first.
For each directory that is added, and that was not already in the path,
addpath checks for the existence of a file named PKG_ADD
(note lack of .m extension) and runs it if it exists.
Return a path constructed from dir and all its subdirectories.
The path does not include package directories (beginning with ‘+’), old-style class directories (beginning with ‘@’), private directories, or any subdirectories of these types.
If additional string parameters are given, the resulting path will exclude directories with those names.
Remove dir1, … from the current function search path.
pathsep are also accepted. For example:
For each directory that is removed,
rmpath checks for the
existence of a file named PKG_DEL (note lack of .m extension)
and runs it if it exists.
Save the unique portion of the current function search path that is not set during Octave’s initialization process to file.
If file is omitted, Octave looks in the current directory for a project-specific .octaverc file in which to save the path information. If no such file is present then the user’s configuration file ~/.octaverc is used.
savepath returns 0.
savepath function makes it simple to customize a user’s
configuration file to restore the working paths necessary for a particular
instance of Octave. Assuming no filename is specified, Octave will
automatically restore the saved directory paths from the appropriate
.octaverc file when starting up. If a filename has been specified
then the paths may be restored manually by calling
Modify or display Octave’s load path.
If nargin and nargout are zero, display the elements of Octave’s load path in an easy to read format.
If nargin is zero and nargout is greater than zero, return the current load path.
If nargin is greater than zero, concatenate the arguments,
separating them with
pathsep. Set the internal search path
to the result and return it.
No checks are made for duplicate elements.
Return the default path for Octave.
The path information is extracted from one of four sources. The possible sources, in order of preference, are:
Reinitialize Octave’s load path directory cache.
Return the absolute name of file if it can be found in the list of
directories specified by
If no file is found, return an empty character string.
When file is already an absolute name, the name is checked against the file system instead of Octave’s loadpath. In this case, if file exists it will be returned in fname, otherwise an empty string is returned.
If the first argument is a cell array of strings, search each directory of the loadpath for element of the cell array and return the first that matches.
If the second optional argument
"all" is supplied, return a cell
array containing the list of all files that have the same name in the path.
If no files are found, return an empty cell array.
Restore Octave’s path to its initial state at startup.
Return the command line path variable.
Return the absolute name of the loadpath element matching dir if it can
be found in the list of directories specified by
If no match is found, return an empty character string.
The match is performed at the end of each path element. For example, if
"foo/bar", it matches the path element
"/some/dir/foo/bar", but not
"/some/dir/allfoo/bar". When dir is an absolute name,
rather than just a path fragment, it is matched against the file system
instead of Octave’s loadpath. In this case, if dir exists it will be
returned in dirname, otherwise an empty string is returned.
If the optional second argument is supplied, return a cell array containing all name matches rather than just the first.
Set and query the encoding that is used for reading m-files in dir.
That encoding overrides the (globally set) m-file encoding.
The string DIR must match the form how the directory would appear in the load path.
The encoding must be a valid encoding identifier or
the latter case, the (globally set) m-file encoding will be used for the given
The currently or previously used encoding is returned in current_encoding or prev_encoding, respectively. The output argument must be explicitly requested.
The directory encoding is automatically read from the file .oct-config
when a new path is added to the load path (for example with
To set the encoding for all files in the same folder, that file must contain
a line starting with
"encoding=" followed by the encoding identifier.
For example to set the file encoding for all files in the same folder to ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1), create a file .oct-config with the following content:
If the file encoding is changed after the files have already been parsed, the
files have to be parsed again for that change to take effect. That can be done
with the command