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A *numeric constant* may be a scalar, a vector, or a matrix, and it
may contain complex values.

The simplest form of a numeric constant, a scalar, is a single number that can be an integer, a decimal fraction, a number in scientific (exponential) notation, or a complex number. Note that by default numeric constants are represented within Octave in double-precision floating point format (complex constants are stored as pairs of double-precision floating point values). It is, however, possible to represent real integers as described in Integer Data Types. Here are some examples of real-valued numeric constants, which all have the same value:

105 1.05e+2 1050e-1

To specify complex constants, you can write an expression of the form

3 + 4i 3.0 + 4.0i 0.3e1 + 40e-1i

all of which are equivalent. The letter ‘`i`’ in the previous example
stands for the pure imaginary constant, defined as
`sqrt (-1)`

.

For Octave to recognize a value as the imaginary part of a complex
constant, a space must not appear between the number and the ‘`i`’.
If it does, Octave will print an error message, like this:

octave:13> 3 + 4 i parse error: syntax error >>> 3 + 4 i ^

You may also use ‘`j`’, ‘`I`’, or ‘`J`’ in place of the
‘`i`’ above. All four forms are equivalent.

- Built-in Function:
**double***(*`x`) Convert

`x`to double precision type.**See also:**single.

- Built-in Function:
**complex***(*`x`) - Built-in Function:
**complex***(*`re`,`im`) Return a complex value from real arguments.

With 1 real argument

`x`, return the complex result

.`x`+ 0iWith 2 real arguments, return the complex result

.`re`+`im``complex`

can often be more convenient than expressions such as`a + i*b`

. For example:complex ([1, 2], [3, 4]) ⇒ [ 1 + 3i 2 + 4i ]

• Matrices: | ||

• Ranges: | ||

• Single Precision Data Types: | ||

• Integer Data Types: | ||

• Bit Manipulations: | ||

• Logical Values: | ||

• Promotion and Demotion of Data Types: | ||

• Predicates for Numeric Objects: |

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