### 30.3 Convex Hull ¶

The convex hull of a set of points is the minimum convex envelope containing all of the points. Octave has the functions `convhull` and `convhulln` to calculate the convex hull of 2-dimensional and N-dimensional sets of points.

: `H =` convhull `(x, y)`
: `H =` convhull `(x, y, z)`
: `H =` convhull `(x)`
: `H =` convhull `(…, options)`
: `[H, V] =` convhull `(…)`

Compute the convex hull of a 2-D or 3-D set of points.

The hull H is a linear index vector into the original set of points that specifies which points form the enclosing hull. For 2-D inputs only, the output is ordered in a counterclockwise manner around the hull.

The input x may also be a matrix with two or three columns where the first column contains x-data, the second y-data, and the optional third column contains z-data.

An optional final argument, which must be a string or cell array of strings, contains options passed to the underlying qhull command. See the documentation for the Qhull library for details http://www.qhull.org/html/qh-quick.htm#options. The default option is `{"Qt"}`.

If options is not present or `[]` then the default arguments are used. Otherwise, options replaces the default argument list. To append user options to the defaults it is necessary to repeat the default arguments in options. Use a null string to pass no arguments.

If the second output V is requested the volume of the enclosing convex hull is calculated.

: `h =` convhulln `(pts)`
: `h =` convhulln `(pts, options)`
: `[h, v] =` convhulln `(…)`

Compute the convex hull of the set of points pts.

pts is a matrix of size [n, dim] containing n points in a space of dimension dim.

The hull h is an index vector into the set of points and specifies which points form the enclosing hull.

An optional second argument, which must be a string or cell array of strings, contains options passed to the underlying qhull command. See the documentation for the Qhull library for details http://www.qhull.org/html/qh-quick.htm#options. The default options depend on the dimension of the input:

• 2D, 3D, 4D: options = `{"Qt"}`
• 5D and higher: options = `{"Qt", "Qx"}`

If options is not present or `[]` then the default arguments are used. Otherwise, options replaces the default argument list. To append user options to the defaults it is necessary to repeat the default arguments in options. Use a null string to pass no arguments.

If the second output v is requested the volume of the enclosing convex hull is calculated.

An example of the use of `convhull` is
```x = -3:0.05:3;