"tex" interpreter

The "tex" interpreter implements a subset of TeX functionality when rendering text. This allows the insertion of special glyphs such as Greek characters or mathematical symbols. Special characters are inserted by using a backslash (\) character followed by a code, as shown in Table 15.1.

Besides special glyphs, the formatting of the text can be changed within the string by using the codes

\bfBold font
\itItalic font
\slOblique Font
\rmNormal font

These codes may be used in conjunction with the { and } characters to limit the change to a part of the string. For example,

xlabel ('{\bf H} = a {\bf V}')

where the character 'a' will not appear in bold font. Note that to avoid having Octave interpret the backslash character in the strings, the strings themselves should be in single quotes.

It is also possible to change the fontname and size within the text

\fontname{fontname}Specify the font to use
\fontsize{size}Specify the size of the font to use

The color of the text may also be changed inline using either a string (e.g., "red") or numerically with a Red-Green-Blue (RGB) specification (e.g., [1 0 0], also red).

\color{color}Specify the color as a string
\color[rgb]{R G B}Specify the color numerically

Finally, superscripting and subscripting can be controlled with the '^' and '_' characters. If the '^' or '_' is followed by a { character, then all of the block surrounded by the { } pair is superscripted or subscripted. Without the { } pair, only the character immediately following the '^' or '_' is changed.

Greek Lowercase Letters
Greek Uppercase Letters
Misc Symbols Type Ord
“Large” Operators
Binary Operators
Openings and Closings
Alternate Names

Table 15.1: Available special characters in TeX mode

Caution: Degree Symbol

Conformance to both TeX and MATLAB with respect to the \circ symbol is impossible. While TeX translates this symbol to Unicode 2218 (U+2218), MATLAB maps this to Unicode 00B0 (U+00B0) instead. Octave has chosen to follow the TeX specification, but has added the additional symbol \deg which maps to the degree symbol (U+00B0).