In order to execute Java code Octave creates a Java Virtual Machine (JVM). By
default the version of the JVM is used that was detected during configuration
on Unix-like systems or that is pointed to from the registry keys at
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\JavaSoft\Java Runtime Environment on
Windows. The default path to the JVM can be overridden by setting the
JAVA_HOME to the path where the JVM is
installed. On Windows that might be, for example,
C:\Program Files\Java\jre-10.0.2. Make sure that you select a directory
that contains the JVM with a bit-ness that matches Octave’s.
The JVM is only loaded once per Octave session. Thus, to change the used
version of the JVM, you might have to re-start Octave. To check which version
of the JVM is currently being used, run
The JVM allocates a fixed amount of initial memory and may expand this pool up to a fixed maximum memory limit. The default values depend on the Java version (see javamem). The memory pool is shared by all Java objects running in the JVM. This strict memory limit is intended mainly to avoid runaway applications inside web browsers or in enterprise servers which can consume all memory and crash the system. When the maximum memory limit is hit, Java code will throw exceptions so that applications will fail or behave unexpectedly.
You can specify options for the creation of the JVM inside a file named java.opts. This is a text file where enter you enter lines containing -X and -D options that are then passed to the JVM during initialization.
The directory where the Java options file is located is specified by the
OCTAVE_JAVA_DIR. If unset the directory where
javaclasspath.m resides is used instead (typically
You can find this directory by executing
The -X options allow you to increase the maximum amount of memory available to the JVM. The following example allows up to 256 Megabytes to be used by adding the following line to the java.opts file:
The maximum possible amount of memory depends on your system. On a Windows system with 2 Gigabytes main memory you should be able to set this maximum to about 1 Gigabyte.
If your application requires a large amount of memory from the beginning, you can also specify the initial amount of memory allocated to the JVM. Adding the following line to the java.opts file starts the JVM with 64 Megabytes of initial memory:
For more details on the available -X options of your Java Virtual Machine issue the command ‘java -X’ at the operating system command prompt and consult the Java documentation.
The -D options can be used to define system properties which can then
be used by Java classes inside Octave. System properties can be retrieved by
getProperty() methods of the
The following example line defines the property MyProperty and assigns it
The value of this property can then be retrieved as a string by a Java object or in Octave:
octave> javaMethod ("getProperty", "java.lang.System", "MyProperty"); ans = 12.34