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inv and pinv will invert a permutation matrix, preserving its specialness. det can be applied to a permutation matrix, efficiently calculating the sign of the permutation (which is equal to the determinant).
A permutation matrix can also be returned from the built-in functions lu and qr, if a pivoted factorization is requested.
The sparse function will convert a permutation matrix efficiently to a sparse matrix. The find function will also work efficiently with a permutation matrix, making it possible to conveniently obtain the permutation indices.