Octave is free software. This means that everyone is free to use it and free to redistribute it on certain conditions. Octave is not, however, in the public domain. It is copyrighted and there are restrictions on its distribution, but the restrictions are designed to ensure that others will have the same freedom to use and redistribute Octave that you have. The precise conditions can be found in the GNU General Public License that comes with Octave and that also appears in GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE.
To download a copy of Octave, please visit https://www.octave.org/download.html.