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Octave has built-in support for logical values, i.e., variables that
are either `true`

or `false`

. When comparing two variables,
the result will be a logical value whose value depends on whether or
not the comparison is true.

The basic logical operations are `&`

, `|`

, and `!`

,
which correspond to “Logical And”, “Logical Or”, and “Logical
Negation”. These operations all follow the usual rules of logic.

It is also possible to use logical values as part of standard numerical
calculations. In this case `true`

is converted to `1`

, and
`false`

to 0, both represented using double precision floating
point numbers. So, the result of `true*22 - false/6`

is `22`

.

Logical values can also be used to index matrices and cell arrays.
When indexing with a logical array the result will be a vector containing
the values corresponding to `true`

parts of the logical array.
The following example illustrates this.

data = [ 1, 2; 3, 4 ]; idx = (data <= 2); data(idx) ⇒ ans = [ 1; 2 ]

Instead of creating the `idx`

array it is possible to replace
`data(idx)`

with `data( data <= 2 )`

in the above code.

Logical values can also be constructed by
casting numeric objects to logical values, or by using the `true`

or `false`

functions.

- :
**logical***(*¶`x`) Convert the numeric object

`x`to logical type.Any nonzero values will be converted to true (1) while zero values will be converted to false (0). The non-numeric value NaN cannot be converted and will produce an error.

Compatibility Note: Octave accepts complex values as input, whereas MATLAB issues an error.

- :
`val`=**true***(*¶`x`) - :
`val`=**true***(*¶`n`,`m`) - :
`val`=**true***(*¶`n`,`m`,`k`, …) - :
`val`=**true***(…, "*¶`like`",`var`)) Return a matrix or N-dimensional array whose elements are all logical 1.

If invoked with a single scalar integer argument, return a square matrix of the specified size.

If invoked with two or more scalar integer arguments, or a vector of integer values, return an array with given dimensions.

If a logical variable

`var`is specified after`"like"`

, the output`val`will have the same sparsity as`var`.**See also:**false.

- :
`val`=**false***(*¶`x`) - :
`val`=**false***(*¶`n`,`m`) - :
`val`=**false***(*¶`n`,`m`,`k`, …) - :
`val`=**false***(…, "*¶`like`",`var`)) Return a matrix or N-dimensional array whose elements are all logical 0.

If invoked with a single scalar integer argument, return a square matrix of the specified size.

If invoked with two or more scalar integer arguments, or a vector of integer values, return an array with given dimensions.

If a logical variable

`var`is specified after`"like"`

, the output`val`will have the same sparsity as`var`.**See also:**true.